Dolls' Houses Past & Present

A website and ezine about dolls' houses: antique, vintage and modern. Plus furniture and accessories.

Caco dolls and the Scenotest by die Puppenstubensammlerin


"A Practical Technique for Understanding Unconscious Problems and Personality Structure."


In 1938 a German child psychologist had the idea of giving her little patients the opportunity to portray all important persons in their lives and to have them "play out" the family constellations on a miniature scale.

A 1950s Scenotest box, with kind permission of the seller




The basis of the material was a number of bendable figures that could represent the persons in a subject's life:


A 1950s Scenotest set, with kind permission of the seller


Illustration from the 1964 edition of Der Sceno-test


Grandfather (also teacher, uncle, pastor), grandmother, and modern adults in various clothes as well as children from baby to school child. Von Staabs sold the therapeutic kit including the dolls herself and never gave the name of the dolls' manufacturer: 


Canzler and Hoffmann (pre-war) or Fritz Canzler (postwar),

the famous Caho or Caco dolls.



A 1950s Scenotest set, with kind permission of the seller  



Another 1950s Sceno-test set, above, in its box, and below, the dolls laid out. With kind permission of the seller.




In each new edition of her book the dolls in the depicted scenes changed according to the current range of Caco dolls.


The housemaid directs a choir:







A maid and doctor from a 1960s Sceno-test set, with kind permission of the seller



A ghost appears:








 Boy and mother riding a dog:






    Mothers and fathers from a 1960s Scenotest set, with kind permission of the seller



Crossing an unstable bridge:






Little girl from a ca 1960s Sceno-test set,

with kind permission of the seller



Some other scenes:


Father on father is a very big father


 Father at a school desk


Housemaid drags a cart, and triplets' birthday


Running from a collapsed building



You can still buy the book today:


The publisher describes the test thus:

“The Scenotest has been widely used in Europe for over 50 years to help very quickly assess emotional problems in children. It is a projective instrument employed for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes to gain insight into matters that the patient may consciously be withholding, or may not be able to express, due to emotional or physical abuse, or for other complex reasons.

The Scenotest belongs to the standard repertoire of psychologists and psychiatrists concerned with the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents: in forensic medicine, in therapy or in the school system. The many thousands of sets sold and used are witness to its success in this difficult field. The standardized material of this test procedure is composed of flexible human figures, bendable in all joints, and a carefully chosen set of accessories: animals, trees, symbolic figures and items from everyday life. The Scenotest arouses the natural desire to play, reveals unconscious thoughts in a nonstressful way, and the many figures offer patients the opportunity to relive their own experiences. “

The publisher neglects to mention that the scientific reliability of projective tests is debated, as explained on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

Projective test

In psychology, a projective test is a personality test designed to let a person respond to ambiguous stimuli, presumably revealing hidden emotions and internal conflicts. This is different from an "objective test" in which responses are analyzed according to a universal standard (for example, a multiple choice exam).


A close-up of two Caco ladies from a 1950s set, with kind permission of the seller


The complete set is quite expensive, even for doctors. (They rarely appear on ebay but lately there were at least three on German ebay, never being bought under 400 Euro and sometimes up to 600 Euro.)

Perhaps partly due to the cost, and also because less lifelike dolls are more appropriate for use with some children (eg those with autism spectrum disorders), some psychologists have also used other dolls house dolls, like Playmobil and Fisher Price Little People, for similar purposes.


Dolls and a selection of materials, as illustrated in the 1951 edition