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Caco Doll Ladies - Keeping up with the Fashions by diepuppenstubensammlerin

  I have been collecting Caco dollhouse dolls for many years, and I find fascinating, the variety and long tradition of their posable dolls. I am always looking for models or prototypes of doll houses, doll furntiture or dolls in old magazines. Caco's women dolls represent the mother of a model dolls' house family, and their faces, hairstyles and clothing changed over the years to reflect changes in fashionable styles for housewives and mothers. Here I present a survey of Caco ladies and their real-life counterparts as they appeared in women's magazines and fashion catalogues.
1930

"CaHo“ was the trademark of the German company Canzler & Hoffmann, which began around 1930 to make flexible dollhouse dolls with composition heads, flat metal hands, long narrow metal shoes and molded hair. The body of the dolls was wrapped with flesh-coloured thread. 

 1930s

 

Left: two ladies from the beginning of the 1930s, with flat black shoes, hairstyle with waves.

Right: lady from the end of the decade, now with brown shoes in a more round form, and a new hairstyle.

 

From a knitting magazine of 1936  

 1938 

 

By WWII they advertised 200 differently dressed flexible dolls. During the war  production stopped.

1950

 

In 1950, the company exhibited at the Nürnberg Toy Fair, and in 1951 they were advertising again. At first they used the old trademark “CaHo”. The photo in the ad of 1951 shows dolls with plastic wrapped limbs and a new more upswept hair style of the woman. The metal hands were bent and had a separated thumb.

1950 

 

Post-war Caho/Caco doll

 

1951 mother in a spelling book  

1952 
 

The trademark was changed to "Caco“ as one of the owners – Canzler – had moved the firm from communist East Germany to Coburg in West Germany. “Ca” for Canzler and “co” for Coburg. The other owner – Hoffmann – died in the 50s.

Again the dolls changed their appearance: the plastic wrap was substituted by the soft cotton thread of the pre-war time, the dolls were taller, and the head was remolded. The women still had shoes without heels.

1951

1952

 

Red jackets, black skirts. Left, in 1951; right, in 1952

 

1952, Der neue Schnitt

(The new cut)

 1954

 

Skirts became longer and full skirts came in 

 

1956 Gabriele

The Car Secretary

1954 Schöpflin Katalog

 1950s 

 

1959 Otto catalogue

 1950s 

Artwork on a Caco box from the 1950s

 1955

 

Caco women dolls were also available with a wig, too.

 

1959 Brigitte

 

 

Narrow black skirts were also popular at this time .....   here teamed with bright print aprons

 

1957 Constanze 

 Late 1950s

...  while full skirts remained fashionable, and pullovers provided warmth ...

1958 Knittax:

Elegance at home

1958 - knitting another pullover

 

 

 

Even aprons followed the fashions ...

 

1952 Vobachs Neue Moden

 1961?

 

Around 1960, the women’s metal shoes got heels – making them look more elegant, but meaning they could hardly stand on their own any more.

 1961

 

From a 1961 Caco ad

- a new fashion

 

1960 Film und Frau

 1961 

 

1957 Brigitte: Mother of the Bride fashions

1960s

 

Lightweight coats for summer visiting

 

1959 Otto catalogue

1950s Schöpflin catalogue

 

 1961 - 1964

 

 1961 - 1963 - 1964

Caco ladies' faces and hairstyles change, but full skirts remain fashionable.

The earlier composition head (left) was given a new hairstyle and a narrower shape of face (right). The dolls’ hands were made of plastic instead of metal.  

 

1959 Otto catalogue: above, skirts; below, hairstyle from the cover

 

 1961

 

The dolls mostly had high heels, but some still came with flat shoes, as with this 1961 lady with the new head and hairstyle ...

 

1959 Gminder: bright stripes are cheerful for the summer

 1961

 

Day, work and night attire ...

 

1958: elegant dressing gowns

 1964

 

Another change to the dolls' heads was more important: now the head was made of plastic; the hairstyle was very similar. The modern material gave the dolls a completely new look.

 

1952

-

1964

 

These four dolls show the changes from 1952 to 1964:

 

1952 composition head, metal hands, metal flat shoes

1961 metal high heel shoes

1962/63 new composition head form, longer face and new hair style, plastic hands

1964 plastic head with new face but similar hair style

 1963,

1964

 

The plastic heads often came with wigs, giving a softer look.

1963 Quelle catalogue

1961 Brigitte

 mid 1960s

 

The suit appears, with tight skirts, open jackets - and lots of hairspray, even a beehive hairdo:

 

1964 Film und Frau

1963 Australian Women's Weekly

 mid

1960s

 

More tailored suits - and matching hats, too.

 

 

1963 Quelle catalogue

 1963 Constanze

 1972

 

A new decade, a new fashion and new fabric:

stretch knit trouser suits, and leggings

1971 Caco ad

 

Above and below:

1972 Quelle catalogue

1970

 

Above: Red and white print dresses 1959-1970

Below: Dresses of the 1970s

 

1972 Quelle catalogue: short sleeved and long sleeved patterned dresses

1970 Manufrance catalogue: short sleeved blue & white and red & white print dresses

 1970s

 

The artwork on the Caco boxes reflects the changed dress styles ....

 mid 1970s

 

Some changes were made to the dolls in the mid 1970s: instead of metal shoes, only plastic was now used for the shoes, hands and head. The dolls became smaller, but the same head shape was used for 10 years (and for two or three more years to come).

 mid 1970s

 

In the mid 1970s came another new fashion:

maxi dresses and maxi skirts

 

1972 Quelle catalogue

 mid 1970s

 

Trouser suits continued to be popular ....

and the Caco ladies adopted fashionable colours like orange, lime green, pink, purple, yellow, and large bright prints ...

 

even for mowing

the lawn! (1975 ad)

1972 Quelle catalogue

 1978

 

After about 1978, the women had a new, rounder face. The pre-1978 heads are seen on the left, and the post-1978 heads on the right - above, with plastic hair, and below, with wigs.

 

 

1972 Quelle catalogue

 late 1970s

 

When dark brown corduroy was in ....

 

1981 Quelle catalogue

 1980s

Some 1980s fashions: checks and tartans were popular, flowery prints and lace added a feminine touch, while blue jeans and slacks were comfortable ...  

 

3 dolls from a 1993 Caco catalogue. Almost identical fashions appear in a 1987 catalogue, too.

 

1980 Australian Women's Weekly (AWW)

 

1980s
 

A striped knitted dress, tartan dress and trousers ..

 

1980 AWW

 

1981 AWW

 

 

A checked dress with coat and hat for winter, flowery print dress for summer ...

 

1980 AWW

 1980s

 

 More tartan - and lacy collars with bows. (Dolls from 1993 catalogue, also shown in a 1987 catalogue.)

 

1981 AWW

1981 AWW

1980s
 

Blouse with puffy sleeves & a bib yoke with ruffled edging (1987, 1993 Caco catalogues)

 

 

1981 Australian Women's Weekly

1980s

 

Pant suits and polo neck pullovers

(1987 & 1993 Caco catalogues)

 

1981 AWW

 

I hope you have enjoyed this survey of women's fashions as worn by Caco dolls. You can see more about my Caco collection on my website diepuppenstubensammlerin. The Fritz Canzler GmbH firm is still producing Caco dolls today, and you can see the current fashions in the 2012 catalogue on their website, as well as other catalogues from the 1980s and 1990s.

 

 

Photo credits:

Apart from my own photos there are contributions from “Sammlung Borbeck” and “Sammlung Anna Setz”. The fashion photos are from various old magazines and catalogues.

 

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